Students and Stress at Exam Time

Contributed by Mr. Ahmed S. Jawarneh
MA Applied Linguistics
ESL Instructor – Prep Year
Taibah University, Al-Ula Male Campus

A very interesting presentation was led by Ahmed Jawarneh on the issue of student stress relating to exams.

The presentation discussed the stress students suffer from, before and during exams times. The presentation brought to light the problems students encounter, often not recognised by teachers.

A variety of reasons were presented that cause student exam stress, including issues such as the desire of low level learners to just to gain a pass, in contrast to high achievers who set themselves extremely high goals, as well as the impact of irrational fears, the lack of control over the exam system and parental expectations.

The attached power point is worth looking at to glean more information about this rarely discussed topic.

stress-free-exams

 

 

How to promote students’ motivation in learning English

Contributed by Ms. Duria Salih Mahmoud
MA English Language
ESL Instructor – Prep Year
Taibah University, Al-Ula Female Campus

“If there is a job worth doing, it is worth doing well”.

What is motivation? Motivation is a combination of effort plus desire to achieve the goal of learning the language. It plays a significant role in the process of learning a language & it improves students’ self-motivation.

Student’s motivation is influenced by internal and external factors that can intensify or discourage it.

  1. Intrinsic motivation: The urge to engage in a learning activity for its own desire.
  2. Extrinsic motivation: The individual’s motivational stimuli are coming from outside.

Points to keep in mind:

  • Create a comfortable, friendly, pleasant, relaxed, and supportive atmosphere in the classroom.
  • Give verbal and non-verbal rewards. Ignoring showing praise, encouragement or appreciating students for their efforts can erode their confidence.
  • Provide a real life situation and set a goal for learning.
  • Look for a communicative situation which brings language to life in the classroom, e.g. games which can link language with action.
  • Keep everyone involved, active, interested and participating.
  • Develop a good relationship with students.
  • Promote learner autonomy, taking into account individual differences, interests and expectations.
  • Learners must believe that they have some control over the outcomes because of their performance.
  • Use strategies like brain storming, previewing etc. to create motivation in the class, start from the previous knowledge and link it with the new lesson.
  • Give positive feedback and reinforcement to increase students’ self-confidence, competence, and encourage positive self-evaluation.
  • Encourage students to relate their classroom experience to outside interests and activities, e. g., use some apps for learning English as a means to facilitate conversation, learn, and have fun.
  • Provide pair and group activities to develop students’ confidence and collaboration.
  • Develop your teaching strategies & create appropriate & varied teaching methods.
  • Respect students as learners.Don’t be critical of your students.  When students make a contribution or attempt to answer a question acknowledge their effort and respond in a diplomatic way.
  • Correct errors with compassion.
  • Show students that you care about them and how well they are learning the subject matter.
  • Help them analyze their strengths & weaknesses & offer tools to help.
  • Ask students to analyze what make classes more or less ‘’motivating’’.
  • Avoid creating intense competition among students.
  • Be enthusiastic about your subject.
  • Encourage Students to Personalize the Classroom Environment (e.g., cover the walls with colorful posters or arrange their classroom in the way that would make them feel most comfortable).
  • Provide opportunities for students to experience & celebrate their success.

Conclusion:

  • The major factors in students’ motivation are the teacher (attitude , i.e. set a personal example of how they should behave), the teaching method, and the learning environment.
  • The issue is not “How can people motivate others?” but “How can people create the conditions within which others will motivate themselves?”
  • Useful link: http://busyteacher.org

You can access the power point presentation here:

student-motivation

Teacher Development

Contributed by Ms. Tahira Farid
MA, B.Ed, CELTA
ESL Instructor – Prep year
Taibah University, Yanbu Female Campus

Modern day teaching requires continuous growth with the help of new approaches, ideas and teaching methodologies. A teacher, in today’s fast paced world, is obliged to be engaged in continuous professional development through different means and sources. CPD (Continuous Professional Development) serves that purpose befittingly and ensures that teachers continue to be competent in their profession. It’s an ongoing process which takes place throughout our teaching careers and improves our performance on the job.

It is important to note that CPD is not merely a formal process such as a workshop, seminar or conference; it can also occur in informal contexts such as reading, discussion among colleagues, research or peer observation.

My first post (link attached) on this forum is related to the role of CPD in our profession; how we can continue to learn and develop throughout our careers and how to keep our knowledge and skills up to date.

The British Council’s website gives an overview of the complete CPD framework which is a part of British Council’s Teaching for Success Approach (written by Simon Borg). There is an overview for each of the 12 professional practices of CPD including relevant resources such as links for webinars and articles, to further help in the development of language teachers.

https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/teacher-development/continuing-professional-development

Teaching English Vocabulary and 1st PLC Meeting – Badr Female Campus

Shared by Bayan Fahd AlSubhi
BA English Language
English Language Lecturer – Prep year
Taibah University, Badr Female Campus

Teacher Bayan Fahad Al Subhi presented two topics in the first PLC meeting conducted at the Badr Female Campus. These were

“Professional Learning Communities”

“Teaching English Vocabulary”

Teachers were involved in discussions and exchanging ideas relating to teaching as well as identifying topics to be discussed in the following weeks. An interesting discussion around the topic of how to teach vocabulary ensued.

You can access the vocabulary power point here:

teaching-english-vocabulary

We also took some photographs of the event. Please see below:

 

ASCD webinar – The Teacher 50: Critical Questions for Inspiring Classroom Excellence

Shared by Hayat Hajier
BA, MEd &TESL
English Language Lecturer – Prep year
Taibah University, Yanbu Female Campus

Title: The Teacher 50: Critical Questions for Inspiring Classroom Excellence

Date: Thursday, November 10, 2016

Time: 03:00 PM Eastern Standard Time

Duration: 1 hour

 

Based on Baruti Kafele’s new ASCD book The Teacher 50: Critical Questions for Inspiring Classroom Excellence, this empowering, introspective webinar takes teachers on a reflective journey designed to challenge them to think deeply about their current practices relative to how they inspire classroom excellence

The Teacher 50: Critical Questions for Inspiring Classroom Excellence

 

Enjoy…..

Teaching Tips Worth Sharing: Turn your laptop into a virtual smart board with this FREE software

Shared by: Umar Salim
BA, MSc Tesol
Language Instructor
Taibah University, Madinah Male Campus

 

Open Sankore is an open source program that’s very useful and user friendly.  You can download the program using the link below and begin using it immediately.

http://open-sankore.org/en

While most of the documentation about this program is in French.  There is enough English documentation to help you to get started with the program is a few minutes.

See (The Open-Sankoré software in 5 points..)

http://open-sankore.org/en/open-sankor%C3%A9-software-5-points

 

How to increase learner engagement – linkedin learning

Shared by Hayat Hajier
BA, MEd &TESL
English Language Lecturer – Prep year
Taibah University, Yanbu Female Campus

In this online course, professor and instructional designer Karl Kapp explores teaching strategies that engage learners and make learning interesting. He also explores different lesson formats and activities that increase cognitive engagement, knowledge retention and collaboration. To learn more, click on the link below: